The Dirty Dozen

Uterine Cancer


The uterus is a hollow organ, which is normally about the size and shape of a medium-sized pear.

Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in women where fetal development occurs.

Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer. Other types of cancer can form in the uterus, including uterine sarcoma, but they are much less common than endometrial cancer.

Screening Info

After test results have been reviewed, your doctor will recommend one or more treatment options. The four basic types of treatment for women with endometrial cancer are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Surgery is the main treatment for most women with this cancer. But in certain situations, a combination of these treatments may be used. The choice of treatment depends largely on the type of cancer and stage of the disease when it is found. Other factors could play a part in choosing the best treatment plan. These might include your age, your overall state of health, whether you plan to have children, and other personal considerations.


  • Obesity
  • Irregular Menstrual Periods
  • Infertility
  • Starting Menstrual Periods at an Early Age
  • Late Menopause
  • History of Cancer of the Ovary or Colon
  • Long-term Use of Estrogen Without Progesterone to Treat Menopause


  • Abnormal Bleeding, Spotting, New Discharge From Vagina
  • Bleeding or Spotting After Menopause
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Mass (Swelling or Lump) in the Pelvic Area
  • Weight Loss


  • Stay at a Healthy Weight
  • Be Physically Active
  • Discuss Pros and Cons of Hormone Therapy With Your Doctor
  • Get Treated for Endometrial Problems