Uterine Cancer

Quick Facts

Uterine Cancer

Overview

The uterus is a hollow organ, which is normally about the size and shape of a medium-sized pear.

Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in women where fetal development occurs.

Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer. Other types of cancer can form in the uterus, including uterine sarcoma, but they are much less common than endometrial cancer.

Symptoms

Abnormal Bleeding, Spotting, New Discharge From Vagina
Bleeding or Spotting After Menopause
Pelvic Pain
Mass (Swelling or Lump) in the Pelvic Area
Weight Loss

Risk Factors

Obesity
Irregular Menstrual Periods
Infertility
Starting Menstrual Periods at an Early Age
Late Menopause
History of Cancer of the Ovary or Colon
Long-term Use of Estrogen Without Progesterone to Treat Menopause

Prevention

Stay at a Healthy Weight
Be Physically Active
Discuss Pros and Cons of Hormone Therapy With Your Doctor
Starting Menstrual Periods at an Early Age
Get Treated for Endometrial Problems

Screening Info

After test results have been reviewed, your doctor will recommend one or more treatment options. The four basic types of treatment for women with endometrial cancer are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Surgery is the main treatment for most women with this cancer. But in certain situations, a combination of these treatments may be used. The choice of treatment depends largely on the type of cancer and stage of the disease when it is found. Other factors could play a part in choosing the best treatment plan. These might include your age, your overall state of health, whether you plan to have children, and other personal considerations.

Find Support Now

The American Cancer Society says:

“No one need face cancer alone. We are here to provide support every step of the way, from the time you schedule a cancer test through recovery and beyond. We know what you are going through and we can put you in touch with others who can speak from experience. You are not alone. Call us anytime, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, at 1-800-227-2345. We can help.”

More @ American Cancer Society

Cancer Portrait Series

Uterine Cancer

Artist Corey Scott paints Cancer Survivors’ portraits

Visit the Portrait Page

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